Civil Law

Civil Law

A civil attorney or litigator deals with non-criminal areas of legal dispute. These disputes usually involve a party or entity seeking compensation for damages incurred from another party or entity.

Civil law systems, also called continental or Romano-Germanic legal systems, are found on all continents and cover about 60% of the world. They are based on concepts, categories, and rules derived from Roman law, with some influence of canon law, sometimes largely supplemented or modified by local custom or culture. The civil law tradition, though secularized over the centuries and placing more focus on individual freedom, promotes cooperation between human beings.

In their technical, narrow sense, the words civil law describe the law that pertains to persons, things, and relationships that develop among them, excluding not only criminal law but also commercial law, labor law, etc. Codification took place in most civil law countries, with the French Code civil and the German BGB being the most influential civil codes.

Challenges and Reforms

The Indian civil law system faces several challenges, including judicial delays, backlog of cases, and the need for modernization of certain legal provisions. Efforts are underway to address these issues through judicial reforms, digitization of court processes, and legislative updates. Initiatives like the establishment of fast-track courts and the promotion of alternative dispute resolution mechanisms aim to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the civil justice system.


Indian civil law, with its rich historical foundations and modern legislative framework, offers a comprehensive mechanism for resolving non-criminal disputes. Civil attorneys play an essential role in guiding clients through the legal landscape, ensuring justice, and upholding the rule of law. Ongoing reforms and modernization efforts continue to shape the evolution of Indian civil law, striving to meet the needs of a diverse and dynamic society.


M.A., (Pol Sci), LL.m., M.A., (Journalism and Mass Communication), P.G.Dip in Cyber Laws, P.G Dip in Industrial Relations and Personnel Management, Diploma in Computer Applications.